Were the first scientists hermetic philosophers? What do these occult origins of modern science tell us about the universe today?
The Forbidden Universe reveals the secret brotherhood that defined the world, and perhaps discovered the mind of God. All the pioneers of science, from Copernicus to Newton via Galileo, were inspired by Hermeticism. In this fascinating study, Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince go in search of the Hermetic origins of modern science and prove that not everything is as it seems and that over the past years there has been a secret agenda behind our search for truth.
From the age of Leonardo da Vinci , the influence of hermetic thinking upon the greatest minds in history has been hidden, a secret held by a forbidden brotherhood in search of the mind of God. The significance of this hidden school can hardly be over-emphasised. Not only did it provide a spiritual and philosophical background to the rise of modern science, but its worldview is also relevant to those hungry for all sorts of knowledge even in the twenty-first century.
And it may even show the way to reconciling the apparently irreconcilable divide between the scientific and the spiritual. Picknett and Prince go in search of this true foundation of modern rational thought and reveal a story that overturns years of received wisdom.
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Labels: forbidden , occult , origins , science , the , universe. The occult was a crucial influence on the Renaissance, and it obsessed the popular thinkers of the day. But with the Age of Reason, occultism was sidelined; only charlatans found any use for it.
Occult ideas did not disappear, however, but rather went underground. It developed into a fruitful source of inspiration for many important artists. Works of brilliance, sometimes even of genius, were produced under its influence. Some of the writers and thinkers featured in this hidden history of western thought and sensibility are Emanuel Swedenborg, Charles Baudelaire, J. Labels: dark , history , muse , occult , the. Older Posts Home.
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Subscribe to: Posts Atom. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. The widely accepted age of the universe , as estimated by general relativity , is In the beginning, everything in existence is thought to have occupied a single infinitely dense point, or singularity. Only after this point began to expand in a "Big Bang" did the universe officially begin. Although the Big Bang singularity arises directly and unavoidably from the mathematics of general relativity, some scientists see it as problematic because the math can explain only what happened immediately after—not at or before—the singularity.
Ali and coauthor Saurya Das at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada, have shown in a paper published in Physics Letters B that the Big Bang singularity can be resolved by their new model in which the universe has no beginning and no end. The physicists emphasize that their quantum correction terms are not applied ad hoc in an attempt to specifically eliminate the Big Bang singularity.
Their work is based on ideas by the theoretical physicist David Bohm, who is also known for his contributions to the philosophy of physics. Starting in the s, Bohm explored replacing classical geodesics the shortest path between two points on a curved surface with quantum trajectories. Raychaudhuri was also Das's teacher when he was an undergraduate student of that institution in the '90s. Using the quantum-corrected Raychaudhuri equation, Ali and Das derived quantum-corrected Friedmann equations, which describe the expansion and evolution of universe including the Big Bang within the context of general relativity.
Although it's not a true theory of quantum gravity , the model does contain elements from both quantum theory and general relativity.
Ali and Das also expect their results to hold even if and when a full theory of quantum gravity is formulated. In addition to not predicting a Big Bang singularity, the new model does not predict a "big crunch" singularity, either. In general relativity, one possible fate of the universe is that it starts to shrink until it collapses in on itself in a big crunch and becomes an infinitely dense point once again.
Ali and Das explain in their paper that their model avoids singularities because of a key difference between classical geodesics and Bohmian trajectories. Classical geodesics eventually cross each other, and the points at which they converge are singularities. In contrast, Bohmian trajectories never cross each other, so singularities do not appear in the equations. In cosmological terms, the scientists explain that the quantum corrections can be thought of as a cosmological constant term without the need for dark energy and a radiation term. These terms keep the universe at a finite size, and therefore give it an infinite age.
The terms also make predictions that agree closely with current observations of the cosmological constant and density of the universe. In physical terms, the model describes the universe as being filled with a quantum fluid. The scientists propose that this fluid might be composed of gravitons—hypothetical massless particles that mediate the force of gravity. If they exist, gravitons are thought to play a key role in a theory of quantum gravity.
In a related paper, Das and another collaborator, Rajat Bhaduri of McMaster University, Canada, have lent further credence to this model. They show that gravitons can form a Bose-Einstein condensate named after Einstein and another Indian physicist, Satyendranath Bose at temperatures that were present in the universe at all epochs.
Motivated by the model's potential to resolve the Big Bang singularity and account for dark matter and dark energy , the physicists plan to analyze their model more rigorously in the future.
Their future work includes redoing their study while taking into account small inhomogeneous and anisotropic perturbations, but they do not expect small perturbations to significantly affect the results. Explore further. Saurya Das and Rajat K. Bhaduri, "Dark matter and dark energy from Bose-Einstein condensate", preprint: arXiv Journal information: Physics Letters B.
More from Other Physics Topics. Home Physics Quantum Physics. This is an artist's concept of the metric expansion of space, where space including hypothetical non-observable portions of the universe is represented at each time by the circular sections. Note on the left the dramatic expansion not to scale occurring in the inflationary epoch, and at the center the expansion acceleration. The scheme is decorated with WMAP images on the left and with the representation of stars at the appropriate level of development.
Credit: NASA. Volume , 4 February , Pages — DOI: Also at: arXiv Citation : No Big Bang? This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Going underground in Slovenia Sep 27, Relevant PhysicsForums posts Efficiency of computers vs. Typical wavelength Sep 27, Electron energy level limit Sep 26, Could an Electromagnetic field produce the "3-body" problem?
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New research brings scientists one step closer to a fully functioning quantum computer Sep 25, Sep 25, User comments. Feb 09, I gotta see their math. I was just talking about this sort of model yesterday and the day before. I think this is potentially better relativity both at the cosmic level and the local level because it introduces a mechanism to relate mass to space itself via a mediating particle, which is something relativity doesn't do.
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I got some critics from Ira and another guy about the Michelson Morley experiment and such. I don't see any reason an "fluid" model can't still work to tie gravity and space together in a single mediating substance or set of substances. I will read the paper a little now and some later if there is no pay wall.